Std 8 Civics Chapter 1 Introduction to the Parliamentary system- answers
Class 8 Civics Lesson 1 Introduction to the Parliamentary System – solution
1. Choose the correct option and rewrite the statements.
1. Parliamentary System of government developed in …………. .
(a) England (b) France (c) United States of America (d) Nepal
2. In the Presidential system ………… is the executive head.
(a) Prime Minister (b) Lok Sabha Speaker (c) President (d) Governor
2. Complete the information in the following table:
|Name of the Institution||Functions|
|1||Legislature||To make laws|
|2||Executive||To implement laws, frame policies|
|3||Judiciary||To provide justice.|
3. Explain the following statements with reasons.
1. India adopted the parliamentary system of government.
(i)The development of parliamentary institutions started during the British rule.
(ii)The British rulers governed in accordance with this system.
(iii)The parliamentary system of government in India is also in a way a product of the freedom movement.
(iv) Indians were familiar to this system of government.
(v)Many discussions took place in the Constituent Assembly over the system of government.
(vi)The framers of the Constitution made few changes in the parliamentary system to suit the Indian situation.
2. Discussion and deliberations are important in a parliamentary system of government.
(i)Questions related to public welfare are discussed in the legislature. Members from the opposition party also take part in these discussions.
(ii)Opposition parties may support the government wherever appropriate, point out shortcomings in policies and laws, put up studied arguments and questions etc.
(iii)This helps the legislature to make proper laws.
(iv)Hence, discussion and deliberations are important in a parliamentary system of government.
4. Answer the following in 25 to 30 words.
1. What is a responsible government?
The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers is responsible to the legislature for all their actions and policies.
It means that the Council of Ministers has to work with the legislature.
Decision taken by any ministry/department is considered as decision of the government.
The entire council of ministers is responsible for the decision.
Therefore the parliamentary system is known as ‘responsible system of government’.
2. Enumerate the characteristics of the presidential system of government.
(i) In a presidential form of government, the legislature and the executive are not directly dependent on each other.
(ii) The Houses of the Legislature and the President are directly elected by the people.
(iii) The President is the executive head and has lot of powers including power to implement laws.
(iv) In spite of such a structure, the legislature and the executive keep a check on each other.
5. Why is the role of opposition parties important? Write your opinion.
(i) Members from the opposition party also take part in the discussions related to public welfare.
(ii) Opposition parties support the government wherever appropriate.
(iii) They point out shortcomings in policies and laws.
(iv) They also put forth arguments and questions etc. This helps the legislature to make proper laws.
(v) Thus the opposition parties play an important role in the Parliamentary and Presidential form of government.
Watch the live telecast proceedings of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on the national channel Doordarshan and write your observations.
3. Effects of British rule
4. The Freedom Struggle of 1857
5. Social and Religious Reforms
6. Beginning of Freedom Movement
7. Non-co-operation Movement
8. Civil Disobedience Movement
9. Last Phase of Struggle for Independence
10. Armed Revolutionary Movement
11. Struggle for Equality
12. India gains Independence
13. Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence
14. Formation of State of Maharashtra.
4. The Indian Judicial System
5. The State Government