Std 8 History Chapter 2 Europe and India questions and answers

Chapter 2 Europe and India

Europe and India: Exercise

1. Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options

(1) In 1453 the city of …………… was conquered by Ottoman Turks.

(a)Venice (b) Constantinople (c) Rome (d) Paris

Ans. In 1453 the city of Constantinople was conquered by Ottoman Turks.

(2) The Industrial Revolution began in …………… .

(a) England (b) France (c) Italy (d) Portugal

Ans.  The Industrial Revolution began in England.

(3) …………… tried to put restrictions on the illegal trade of British.

(a) Siraj-ud-Daulah (b) Mir Kasim (c) Mir Jafar (d) Shah Alam

Ans. Mir Kasim tried to put restrictions on the illegal trade of British.

2. Explain the following concepts.

(1) Colonialism

Ans. A powerful country on the basis of economic and military strength occupies another region and establishes its political Supremacy. This is known as Colonialism.

(2) Imperialism

Ans. Imperialism means a system in which a powerful country controls other countries by establishing its overall domination and establishing many colonies.

(3) Age of Renaissance

Ans. In history of Europe, the last phase of mediaeval period i.e. 13th to 16th century is known as the Period of renaissance. During this period reformation, religious reform movement and geographical discoveries laid the foundation of the modern era. Hence this period is also known as the ‘Age of Renaissance’.

(4) Capitalism

Ans. Capitalism means the economic and political system in which the business, industries, trade and commerce activities are owned and controlled by private organizations for profit.

3. Explain the following statements with reasons.

(1) Siraj-ud-Daulah was defeated in the Battle of Plassey.

Ans. Robert Clive diplomatically bribed Mir Jafar, the Commander in chief of the Nawab’s army and also promised to make him the Nawab of Bengal. Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah and the British Troops met at Plassey in 1757 AD. But under the leadership of Mir Jafar the Nawab’s army made no move to actually join the battle and hence Siraj[1]ud-Daulah was defeated.

(2) The European countries felt the necessity of finding new trade routes to Asia.

Ans. In 1453 AD, the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople (Istanbul) which was the capital of Byzantine Empire. The overland trade routes joining Asia and Europe went through this city. Since the Turks blocked this route, there was a need of finding alternative trade routes for the European countries to reach Asia.

(3) European rulers started giving military protection and trade concessions to the trading companies.

Ans. Trade with Oriental countries was very profitable and responsible for economic prosperity. Hence European rulers started giving military protection and trade concessions to these trading companies.

4. Complete the following table.

Sailor Contribution
Bartolomu Dias Reached to the tip of South Africa.
Christopher Columbus Reached on the eastern coast of the continent of America.
Vasco-da-Gama Reached the west coast of India at Calicut port.


Collect information and pictures about the work of famous painters, writers, scientists during renaissance period with the help of reference books and internet. Present a project on it in the classroom.


1. Sources of History

2. Europe and India

3. Effects of British rule

4. The Freedom Struggle of 1857 

5. Social and Religious Reforms

6. Beginning of Freedom Movement

7. Non-co-operation Movement

8. Civil Disobedience Movement 

9. Last Phase of Struggle for Independence

10. Armed Revolutionary Movement

11. Struggle for Equality

12. India gains Independence 

13. Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence

14. Formation of State of Maharashtra.


1. Introduction to the Parliamentary System.

2. The Indian Parliament

3. The Union Executive

4. The Indian Judicial System

5. The State Government

6. Bureaucracy