Lesson 1 Sources of History
Sources of History: Exercise
1. Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options.
(1) Among the historical sources __________ are based on Modern technology.
(a) Written (b) Oral (c) Material (d) Audio-visual
Ans. Among the historical sources Audio-visual sources are based on Modern technology.
(2) The __________ is a museum in Pune which gives information about the history of Mahatma Gandhi.
(a) Aga Khan Palace (b) Sabarmati Ashram (c) Cellular Jail (d) Lakshmi Vilas Palace
Ans. The Aga Khan Palace is a museum in Pune which gives information about the history of Mahatma Gandhi.
(3) A unique discovery of modern technology in 20th century is __________.
(a) Powada (b) Photograph (c) Interviews (d) Films
Ans. A unique discovery of modern technology in 20th century is Films.
2. Explain the following statements with reasons.
(1) During the British period newspapers also acted as source of social reformation.
Ans. In the pre independence period, newspapers like Dnyanoday, Dnyanprakash, Amrit Bazaar Patrika, Deenbandhu, Kesari acted as important source of awakening the minds of the people. The Nibandhmala by Vishnushastri Chiplunkar and Shatapatre written by Lokahitawadi alias Gopal Hari Deshmukh in the weekly Prabhakar commented on various social and cultural issues. Thus during the British period newspapers also acted as source of social reformation.
(2) Audio Visual Recordings are considered as the most trustworthy source for the study of Modern Indian History.
In case of mediaeval period there are paintings available, but the authenticity of these paintings is doubtful. During modern period, the speeches of leaders or important personalities, songs etc are available in the form of recordings. For example. National anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ sung by Rabindranath Tagore himself or the speeches of Subhash Chandra Bose can be used as an audio source for the study of history of Modern India. Through audio –visual aids the events in history could be seen in reality. Therefore, Audio Visual Recordings are considered as the most trustworthy source for the study of Modern Indian History.
3. Write short notes.
Photograph are visual source of modern Indian history. With the discovery of art of photography, photograph of various persons, events, objects, structure, places were clicked. The photograph of a person gives information about the physical features, dressing style etc. Photograph of an event give a visual image of the event whereas photograph of an object or a structure helps in understanding its nature. Through these photographs we get information of the person or an event in a visual format.
(2) Museums and History
A museum is an institution that cares for objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance. Through these objects we can study the life of the people, their culture traditions and their socio – economic conditions.
(3) Audio sources
The discovery of technique of recording was also as important as photography. Recording is a form of audio source of history. During modern period, the speeches of leaders or important personalities, songs etc are available in the form of recordings. They can be used as a source of history. For example. National anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ sung by Rabindranath Tagore himself or the speeches of Subhash Chandra Bose can be used as an audio source for the study of history of Modern India.
4. Complete the following diagram.
(iv) Cave Sculptures
(vii) Copper plates
(1) Collect the photographs related to Indian Freedom movement with the help of internet.
(2) Gather information about the important leaders of Indian freedom movement and their biographies and read aloud.
3. Effects of British rule
4. The Freedom Struggle of 1857
5. Social and Religious Reforms
6. Beginning of Freedom Movement
7. Non-co-operation Movement
8. Civil Disobedience Movement
9. Last Phase of Struggle for Independence
10. Armed Revolutionary Movement
11. Struggle for Equality
12. India gains Independence
13. Fulfillment of Struggle for Independence
14. Formation of State of Maharashtra.
2. The Indian Parliament
3. The Union Executive
4. The Indian Judicial System
5. The State Government