1. (a) Complete the sentences by choosing the correct option.
(1) The earliest museum in the world was discovered in the excavations at the city of ………. .
(a) Delhi (b) Harappa (c) Ur (d) Kolkata
(2) The National Archives of India is in ……………. .
(a) Delhi (b) Kolkata (c) Mumbai (d) Chennai
(b) Identify the wrong pair in the following, correct it and rewrite.
(1) Kootiyattam-Sanskrit theatre, Kerala
(2) Ramman-Dance form in West Bengal
(3) Ramlila-Traditional Performance of the Ramayana in Uttar Pradesh
(4) Kalbelia-Folk songs and dances of Rajasthan.
(2) Wrong pair: Ramman – Dance form in West Bengal
2. Explain the following concepts:
(1) Applied History
(i) ‘Applied History’ is also known as ‘Public History’.
(ii) ‘Applied History’ is a field of study concerned with the application of history for the benefit of people in the contemporary and future times.
(i) ARCHIVE is a place in where public records or historical materials (such as documents) are preserved.
(ii) Archives preserve and store old documents, official records, old films, etc.
(iii) The National Archives of India is in Delhi.
(iv) Every state in India maintains its archives independently.
3. Answer the following in 25-30 words.
(1) Explain the concept of ‘Public History’.
(i) Public History also known as Applied History is a field of study concerned with the application of history for the benefit of people in the contemporary and future times.
(ii) Public History helps to overcome the misgivings about the practicality of the knowledge of history.
(iii) It makes history meaningful in everyday life, connecting people to history.
(iv) It provides guidance in finding solutions to contemporary social issues and helps to incorporate them in the social planning.
(2) What is the role of UNESCO in the context of heritage sites?
(i) UNESCO, the global organisation has announced some directives with the objective of promoting the cultural and natural heritage. (ii) On the basis of those directives list of sites and traditions are declared as ‘World Heritage’.
(iii) The list of UNESCO’s World Natural Heritage now includes Western Ghats. The Kaas plateau in the District Satara, is also a part of the Western Ghats.
(3) Find out the world cultural heritage sites located in Maharashtra and write their names.
the world cultural heritage sites located in Maharashtra are
(i) the Ajanta caves
(ii) Ellora caves
(iii) Elephanta caves
(iv) Western Ghats
(v) the CSMT railway station
(vi) Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble
4. Complete the following concept chart.
|Ancient sites||Oral Traditions and their language|
|Artefacts||Social customs and rituals|
|Manuscripts||Styles of performing arts|
Customs, skills and traditions of certain groups and customs.
5. Explain the following statements giving reasons.
(1) It is essential to study the history of technology.
(i) The history of technology helps in understanding the changes and their causes in the field of agricultural production, commodity production, architecture, engineering, etc.
(ii) Scientific discoveries/inventions and technological advancement are mutually dependent on each other.
(iii) Knowledge of science and technology was very important at every step from the making of stone tools to agricultural production in the evolution of mankind.
(iv) It is necessary to know the history of technology in order to understand the development of mechanisation and the mutual dependence between science and technology.
(2) The list of world Heritage Sites is announced by UNESCO.
(i) It is essential for the benefit of future generations to preserve our heritage.
(ii) UNESCO, the global organisation has announced some directives with the objective of promoting the cultural and natural heritage. (iii) On the basis of those directives list of sites and traditions are declared as ‘World Heritage’.
6. Write elaborate answers.
(1) How is the method of history useful in the research of
(i) The history of science helps in understanding the chronological order of scientific discoveries, inventions and theories.
(ii) It can also help to understand the cause-effect chain that led to those discoveries and inventions.
(iii) Scientific discoveries/inventions are often the effects of human efforts to fulfill a need and also curiosity.
(iv) These efforts are based on already available scientific knowledge.
(v) Knowledge of history of science helps in understanding the factors that facilitated a scientific discovery/ invention and also its chronology.
(i) It is important to understand the development of various art forms with the help of their style of expression and their foundation in the form of intellectual emotional-cultural traditions.
(ii) The key to the expressions in any art form, emotional temperament of the artist and the developmental history of the respective art form can be understood with the help of cultural history.
(c) Management Studies
(i) In order to understand various factors involved in the chain of production , it is essential to have a knowledge of similar functional systems of the past.
(ii) It is essential to understand the psychological character of people working at various levels in the chain of production and marketing for healthy management.
(iii) In order to achieve it, understanding of the social and economic institutions that support the industrial and commercial processes is important.
(iv) Knowledge of history in this regard makes the management at various levels easier.
(2) How can we correlate applied history with our present?
(i) The visible and invisible relics of the past exist in the present.
(ii) We nurture some kind of curiosity and attraction toward them. (iii) We wish to know more about their history because they represent the creative thoughts and traditions of our ancestors.
(iv) It is our heritage that helps in building our identity and links us with our origin.
(v) Hence it becomes necessary to preserve and conserve it for future generations.
(vi) Heritage management creates opportunities of employment.
(3) Suggest at least 10 solutions for preservation of the sources of history.
(i) Organise public training programmes for understanding the importance of history.
(ii) And for creating social awareness regarding the conservation, preservation of our cultural and natural heritage.
(iii) It is essential to avoid vandalising of historic and public places and to ensure that they are preserved for the benefit of future generations.
(iv) The work of conservation and preservation of cultural and natural heritage should be handled by experts from various fields.
(v) The operations necessary for the conservation, preservation and development of the heritage site can be handled without causing any change in its original state.
(vi) The local social structure and psychology of the local people, challenges faced by them in the present situations and their expectations can be surveyed in detail.
(vii) Due precautions can be taken to avoid hurting sentiments of the local people.
(viii) It should be archived in a systematic manner.
(ix) Timely repairs and maintenance should be undertaken.
(x) Use of scientific methods should be applied.
(4) What objectives can be fulfilled through the heritage projects?
(i) The operations necessary for the conservation, preservation and development of the heritage site can be handled without causing any change in its original state.
(ii) The local social structure and psychology of the local people, challenges faced by them in the present situations and their expectations can be surveyed in detail.
(iii) Due precautions can be taken to avoid hurting sentiments of the local people while completing the projects of conservation, preservation and development of a heritage site.
(iv) Participation of the local people in the project can be facilitated. (v) Systematic plan can be designed to employ the local skills in a creative way and create better opportunities of livelihood.
Show the Indian heritage sites on the map of India.
4. History of Indian Arts
5. Mass Media and History
6. Entertainment and History
7. Sports and History
8. Tourism and History
9. Heritage Management
1. Working of the Constitution 2. The Electoral Process 3. Political Parties 4. Social and Political Movements 5. Challenges faced by Indian Democracy