Maharashtra Board Class 10 Political Science Solutions Chapter 1 Working of the Constitution
Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Political Science Solutions Chapter 1 Working of the Constitution Std 10 Political Science chapter 1 Working of the Constitution Textbook Exercise
Std 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Working of the Constitution Questions and Answers.
Class 10 Political Science Solutions Chapter 1 Working of the Constitution
1. Choose the correct option from the given options and complete the sentences.
(1) In Maharashtra ………… seats are reserved for women in local self-governing institutions.
(a) 25% (b) 30% (c) 40% (d) 50%
Answer: (d) 50%
(2) Which of the following laws created a favourable environment for women to secure freedom and self-development ?
(a) Right to Information Act (b) Dowry Prohibition Act (c) Food Security Act (d) None of the above
Answer: (b) Dowry Prohibition Act
(3) The essence of democracy is ……….
(a) universal adult franchise. (b) decentralisation of power. (c) policy of reservation of seats. (d) judicial decisions.
Answer: (b) decentralisation of power
2. State whether following statements are true or false. Give reasons for your answer.
(1) Indian democracy is considered the largest democracy in the world.
(i) Democracy means the government of the people, by the people, and for the people.
(ii) Accordingly, the Indian people have direct representation in the Parliament, State legislature and local government.
(iii) Holding free and fair elections at regular intervals is an important indicator of India’s successful democracy.
(2) Secrecy in the working of Government has increased due to the Right to Information.
(i) Right to Information has made the government more transparent and has reduced the element of secrecy in the working of government.
(ii) Accordingly, citizens in India have got Right to Information, education and food security.
(iii) These rights have strengthened democracy in India.
(3) The nature of Constitution is seen as a living document.
(i) The Constitution has to change according to changing conditions and the Parliament has a power to make those changes.
(ii) The Judiciary has accepted this power of the Parliament to make changes in the Constitution but at same time specified the limitations on this power.
(iii) The Parliament while amending the constitution cannot alter the basic structure of the constitution.
3. Write short notes.
(1) Provisions regarding minorities.
(i) The government has adopted several policies for minorities to provide them the opportunities for education and employment.
(ii) The Indian constitution prohibits discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, race, language and region.
(iii) This is a comprehensive provision for minorities which fundamentally protects their right to equality, freedom, right against exploitation and cultural and educational rights.
(2) Policy of reservation of seats.
(i) Policy of Reservation of seats is meant for those sections of society who have been deprived of the opportunities for education and employment for a long period of time.
(ii) Accordingly, in educational institutions and in government services some seats are kept reserved for scheduled caste and scheduled tribes.
(iii) There is also a provision of reservation of seats for other backward classes.
(3) Women representation in the Loksabha.
(i) In the post-independence period, efforts were made for empowering women.
(ii) The 73rd and 74th amendment reserved 33% of seats for women in local self-governing institutions.
(iii) This percentage has been raised to 50%in several states including Maharashtra.
4. Explain the following concepts.
(1) Right based approach
(i) In the decades after independence, progress was made towards more and more democratisation of India.
(ii) After the year 2000, the whole approach towards democratic reforms has changed towards right based.
(iii) Democratic reforms are considered as ‘rights’ of citizens.
(iv) Accordingly, citizens in India have got Right to Information, education and food security.
(v) These rights have strengthened democracy in India.
(2) Right to information
(i) Increased communication between citizens and government helps in strengthening democracy and in building a relationship of trust between them.
(ii) Citizens have a right to know about the functioning of the government.
(iii) The Government of India gave the Right to Information to the citizens of India to ensure transparency and accountability which are the hallmarks of good governance.
(iv) Right to Information has made the government more transparent and has reduced the element of secrecy in the working of government.
5. Answer the following questions.
(1) What are the effects of reducing the voting age from 21 years to 18 years?
(i) Reducing the voting age from 21 to 18 gave opportunity of political participation to the young generation in India.
(ii) India has the largest number of voters compared to any other democratic nation.
(iii) This change is not only quantitative but also qualitative as new political parties are emerging with the active support of young voters.
(iv) These parties represent various expectations of people and compete in the political sphere.
(2) What is meant by establishment of social justice?
(i) Social justice and equality are the important objectives of our constitution.
(ii) The principles of justice and equality aim at ending discrimination in social status such as superior or inferior on the basis of caste, religion, language and gender, place of birth, race, property and giving equality of opportunity for development to every individual.
(3) Which decision of the Court has resulted in protection of honour and dignity of women?
(i) The Act for the protection of women against domestic violence is an important step in the direction of democracy.
(ii) This act underlined the need to protect the dignity and self-esteem of women.
(iii) This act rejected traditional forms of domination and authoritarianism and expanded the scope of Indian democracy to make it inclusive in true sense.
(iv) The right to have an equal share in the property of the father and husband, Dowry Prohibition Act, act against sexual harassment, Domestic Violence Prohibition Act are some important provisions which have created a favourable environment for protection of freedom of women and securing their development.
(1) Which information can be secured with the help of right to information? Find out with the help of your teachers.
Under the provisions of RTI Act, any citizen of India may request information from a “public authority” (a body of Government or “instrumentality of State”) which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days.
The Right to information in India is governed by two major bodies:
(i) Central Information Commission (CIC)
(ii) State Information Commissions
The information which can be collected are:
(i) to seek any information from a public authority,
(ii) inspect any Government documents and
(iii) seek certified photocopies thereof.
The important feature of RTI is that it is applicable to Indian citizens, but not associations or companies.
(2) Make a list of concessions given by the Government for the students of minority community?
DETAILS OF SCHEMES / PROGRAMMES / INITIATIVES UNDERTAKEN BY MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS FOR WELFARE OF MINORITIES
(A) Educational Empowerment
(i) Scholarship Schemes:-
(a) Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme.
(b) Post- Matric Scholarship Scheme.
(c) Merit-cum-Means based Scholarship Scheme.
(ii) Maulana Azad National Fellowship (MANF) Scheme.
(iii) Naya Savera – Free Coaching and Allied Scheme for the candidates / students belonging to
(iv) Padho Pardesh – Scheme of Interest Subsidy on Educational Loans for Overseas Studies for
the Student belonging to Minority Communities.
(v) Nai Udaan – Support for Minority Students clearing Prelims conducted by UPSC, State
Public Service Commissions (PSCs) and Staff Selection Commission.
(B) Economic Empowerment:
(i) Skill Development:
(a) Seekho aur Kamao (Learn & Earn).
(b) USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/ Crafts for
(c) Nai Manzil – A scheme to provide education and skill training to the youth from
(ii) Concessional credit through National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation
(C) Infrastructure Development: Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakaram (PMJVK).
(D) Special Needs:
(i) Nai Roshni – The scheme for leadership development of Minority Women.
(ii) Hamari Dharohar – A scheme to preserve rich heritage of minority communities of India
under the overall concept of Indian culture.
(iii) Jiyo Parsi – Scheme for Containing Population Decline of Parsis in India.
(iv)Waqf Management –
(a) Qaumi Waqf Board Taraqqiati- Scheme (Scheme of Computerization of Records and
Strengthening of State Waqf Boards)
(b) Shahari Waqf Sampatti Vikas Yojana (Scheme for Grants-in-Aid to Waqf –
Development of Urban Waqf Properties)
(v) Reasearch/ Studies, Monitoring and Evaluation of Development Schemes Including Publicity (vi) Haj Management
(E) Support to institutions:
(i) Corpus Fund to Maulana Azad Education Foundation (MAEF).
(ii) Equity to National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC).
(iii) Grants-in-Aid Scheme to State Channelising Agencies of National Minorities Development
& Finance Corporation.
(3) Visit the official website of National election commission and collect more information about it.
The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a constitutional body under the ownership of Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India. It was established by the Constitution of India to conduct and regulate elections in the country.
Visit the following site: https://eci.gov.in/about/about-eci
(4) Take an interview of women representations from local self-governing institutions from your area.
Students should solve this on their own.
3. Applied History
4. History of Indian Arts
5. Mass Media and History
6. Entertainment and History
7. Sports and History
8. Tourism and History
9. Heritage Management
Std 10 Political Science
2. The Electoral Process
3. Political Parties
4. Social and Political Movements
5. Challenges faced by Indian Democracy