What is a sentence?
A set of words, arranged in a pre-determined order, so that they express a clear thought, is called a sentence.
We make use of sentences when we are speaking, reading or writing.
All sentences begin with a capital letter.
We punctuate the sentences by a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark at the end, depending on what the sentence is conveying.
Based on their purpose we classify the sentences in the following four types:
A) Assertive or Declarative Sentence
B) Interrogative Sentence
C) Exclamatory Sentence
D) Imperative Sentence
A) Assertive or Declarative Sentence:
When a sentence makes a statement and gives us information about a noun, is said to be an Assertive or Declarative Sentence.
An Assertive or declarative sentence always ends with a period or full stop. (.)
Reading helps gain knowledge.
A poisonous snake bit the boy.
This summer vacation my family is travelling to America.
B) Interrogative Sentence:
A sentence that asks a question or requests information is called an Interrogative sentence.
It always ends with a question mark. (?)
Interrogative Sentences are of four types:
1. Wh – questions: These are direct questions that begin with a wh word – How, What, When, Where, Why, Which, Who, Whose, Whom
How many eggs did the hen lay?
Why was the child crying?
Where is my book?
2. Yes – No questions: These are questions, for which the answer could be either a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’.
Did it rain yesterday in your town?
Is the teacher going to give us a test today?
Will you play with me?
For a complete lesson:
- Sentences ( Gr 7– GL)