Sentences for Grade 7

What is a sentence?

A set of words, arranged in a pre-determined order, so that they express a clear thought, is called a sentence.

We make use of sentences when we are speaking, reading or writing.

All sentences begin with a capital letter.

We punctuate the sentences by a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark at the end, depending on what the sentence is conveying.

Based on their purpose we classify the sentences in the following four types:

A) Assertive or Declarative Sentence

B) Interrogative Sentence

C) Exclamatory Sentence

D) Imperative Sentence

A) Assertive or Declarative Sentence:

When a sentence makes a statement and gives us information about a noun, is said to be an Assertive or Declarative Sentence.

An Assertive or declarative sentence always ends with a period or full stop. (.)

Example:  

Reading helps gain knowledge.

 A poisonous snake bit the boy.

This summer vacation my family is travelling to America.

B) Interrogative Sentence:

A sentence that asks a question or requests information is called an Interrogative sentence.

It always ends with a question mark. (?)

Interrogative Sentences are of four types:

1. Wh – questions: These are direct questions that begin with a wh word – How, What, When, Where, Why, Which, Who, Whose, Whom

Example: 

How many eggs did the hen lay?                              

 Why was the child crying?

Where is my book?

2. Yes – No questions: These are questions, for which the answer could be either a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’.

Example: 

Did it rain yesterday in your town?

Is the teacher going to give us a test today?

Will you play with me? 

3. Choice questions: These are questions that contain two or more alternatives or choices.

Example: 

Do you prefer tea or coffee?

Should I call you Mr. Brown or Mr. Sam?

4. Question tags: These are questions where a tag question word is added at the end of a statement.

Tag question words are helping verbs followed by a pronoun.

Example: 

Rita likes chocolates, doesn’t she?

The dog was barking all night, wasn’t it?

Yesterday, they weren’t at home, were they?

Rules for adding the tag:

An Affirmative statement carries a negative tag and

A negative statement carries an affirmative tag.

C. Exclamatory Sentence:

A sentence that conveys an excitement or emotion of the speaker is an Exclamatory sentence.

We use exclamation mark (!) at the end of the sentence.

Example:

What a pleasant surprise!

How clever you are!

We won the match!

If a sentence uses an interjection, we put the exclamation mark after it, followed by a declarative sentence.

D. Imperative Sentence:

A sentence that gives an order, command, request, suggestion, proposal or instructions is an Imperative Sentence.  

An imperative sentence begins with a verb and ends with a period or full stop. (.)

Example:

Take a step forward. (order)

Let’s go for a walk. (suggestion)

Please get me a glass of water. (request)

Don’t go too close to the fire. (instruction)

For a complete lesson:

Comments 2

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.