1. Sentences (Grade 7)

What is a sentence?

A set of words, arranged in a pre-determined order, so that they express a clear thought, is called a sentence.

We make use of sentences when we are speaking, reading or writing.

All sentences begin with a capital letter.

We punctuate the sentences by a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark at the end, depending on what the sentence is conveying.

Based on their purpose we classify the sentences in the following four types:

A) Assertive or Declarative Sentence

B) Interrogative Sentence

C) Exclamatory Sentence

D) Imperative Sentence

A) Assertive or Declarative Sentence:

When a sentence makes a statement and gives us information about a noun, is said to be an Assertive or Declarative Sentence.

An Assertive or declarative sentence always ends with a period or full stop. (.)

Example:  

Reading helps gain knowledge.

 A poisonous snake bit the boy.

This summer vacation my family is travelling to America.

B) Interrogative Sentence:

A sentence that asks a question or requests information is called an Interrogative sentence.

It always ends with a question mark. (?)

Interrogative Sentences are of four types:

1. Wh – questions: These are direct questions that begin with a wh word – How, What, When, Where, Why, Which, Who, Whose, Whom

Example: 

How many eggs did the hen lay?                              

 Why was the child crying?

Where is my book?

2. Yes – No questions: These are questions, for which the answer could be either a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’.

Example: 

Did it rain yesterday in your town?

Is the teacher going to give us a test today?

Will you play with me? 

For a complete lesson:

  1. Sentences ( Gr 7– GL)

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