Maharashtra Board Class 5 EVS Solutions Part 2 Chapter 8 Beginning of Settled Life
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 5 Environmental Studies Solutions Chapter 8 Beginning of Settled Life Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 5 EVS Solutions Part 2 Chapter 8 Beginning of Settled Life
5th Std EVS 2 Digest Chapter 8 Beginning of Settled Life Tools Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Fill in the blank.
(a) Archaeological evidence shows that agriculture first began about 11,000 years ago in Israel and …………. . (Iran, Iraq, Dubai)
Archaeological evidence shows that agriculture first began about 11,000 years ago in Israel and Iraq.
(b) The houses at the beginning of the New Stone Age were made of …………… . (earth, bricks, wattle and daub)
The houses at the beginning of the New Stone Age were made of wattle and daub.
2. Answer the following question in brief.
(a) What are the three main steps in the process of domesticating a wild animal?
- Capture the wild animal.
- Taming the wild animal by giving them the training to live with humans.
- Obtaining useful materials like milk from these animals and training them to work as beasts of burden for the humans.
(b) How did some people in the community become skilled craftsmen?
- As the food available was more than needed by the community, some men and women utilised their spare time in experimentation and for using their natural creativity to develop special skills.
- Persons with such special skills were given to work based on those skills.
- Thereby a class of skilled craftsmen emerged.
3. Complete the following concept chart.
Importance: Essential food item in a household.
Obtained by: Salt traders obtained it from faraway places.
Trade: Salt traders traded articles in exchange of salt.
Result: The salt trade helped in the expansion of trade in the New Stone Age.
4. Write about the usefulness of any five domesticated animals.
- Dog : It was one of the first animal to be domesticated. A very useful and faithful animal. It guards household or village-settlements.
- Cow : Cow is a very useful animal. It is domesticated for its milk. Cow-dung was used to smear mud walls and in courtyards. Cow-dung is used to make dung cakes for fuel and also is a very good natural manure for agriculture.
- Goats and Sheep : Sheep is useful for its wool and milk. They are also domesticated for their meat.
- Horse : A very useful, strong and a swift animal. Its strength is used to draw carriages or to transport heavy goods. It is also used in travelling.
- Bullocks : Bullocks are strong and obedient animals. They are also used to transport people and heavy objects from one place to another.
5. Which animal is used by the modern police? In what way?
- The dog is used by modern police.
- It is used in the investigation of crimes as a dog can sniff the body odour and blood-stains on the clothes.
- It leads police to the person who has committed crimes.
Visit people in your locality practising five different occupations and collect information about their work.