Definition of a sentence.
A collection of words, aligned in a specific order, such that they now convey a clear idea is called a sentence.
A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark at the end, depending on what the sentence is conveying.
While communicating, we express statements, questions, exclamations and commands or requests.
Therefore, we categorize these sentences into the following four types:
1. Assertive or Declarative Sentence:
A sentence that conveys or states a fact is an Assertive or Declarative Sentence.
We punctuate these sentences with a period or full stop (.) at the end.
The soup was very hot.
Streets look dirty if we litter them.
Bharat Natyam is an Indian dance.
2. Interrogative Sentence:
When a sentence requests information by asking a direct question, it is said to be an Interrogative sentence.
We end an Interrogative sentence with a question mark (?).
Interrogative sentence could be affirmative or negative question.
There are four types of Interrogative sentences:
- Wh – questions: It is an Interrogative sentence that begins with a wh word – How, What, When, Where, Why, Which, Who, Whose, Whom
Where are you going for your vacation?
When is the first lecture?
What time is the train?
- Yes – No questions: It is an Interrogative where the answer is expected in a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’. They begin with helping verbs.
Do you like cooking?
Are you leaving to play the piono?
Will you give this money to charity?
- Alternative questions: It is an Interrogative sentence that provides alternatives or choices. They also begin with a helping verb.
Do you think I should pursue Science or Humanities?
Will you have an ice-cream or a pizza?
Should I wear the blue dress or the red one for the party?
- Question Tags: It is an Interrogative sentence which asks for a confirmation by adding a tag word at the end of a statement.
Formation of question tags:
A tag word (which is a helping verb) is added after a declarative or assertive sentence followed by a pronoun (which represents the subject).
If the declarative or assertive sentence is in the affirmative then the tag will be negative and if the declarative or assertive sentence is affirmative then the tag will be affirmative.
Ron is playing football, isn’t he?
We ate a veg-burger, didn’t we? The children hadn’t watched this movie before, had they?
3. Exclamatory Sentence:
These sentences express emotions such as joy, love, anger, regret, pain, sorrow, etc.
We punctuate an exclamatory sentence with an exclamation mark (!) at the end of the sentence.
What a splendid game!
How wonderfully she plays her part!
You’re being selfish!
An interjection is followed by an exclamation mark (!)
Oops! I spilled the juice.
Bravo! You were brilliant.
4. Imperative Sentence:
These sentences give advice, order, command, request, suggestion, invitation, offer, instructions, etc.
An imperative sentence begins with a verb and ends with a period or full stop. (.) The subject is understood to be ‘You’ as these sentences begin with a verb.
(For a complete lesson click on the link below.)