1. Sentences (Grade 8)

Definition of a sentence.

A collection of words, aligned in a specific order, such that they now convey a clear idea is called a sentence.

A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark at the end, depending on what the sentence is conveying.

While communicating, we express statements, questions, exclamations and commands or requests.

Therefore, we categorize these sentences into the following four types:

  1. Assertive or Declarative Sentence:

A sentence that conveys or states a fact is an Assertive or Declarative Sentence.

We punctuate these sentences with a period or full stop (.) at the end.

Example:  

The soup was very hot.

Streets look dirty if we litter them.

Bharat Natyam is an Indian dance.

2. Interrogative Sentence:

When a sentence requests information by asking a direct question, it is said to be an Interrogative sentence.

We end an Interrogative sentence with a question mark (?).

Interrogative sentence could be affirmative or negative question.

There are four types of Interrogative sentences:

  • Wh – questions: It is an Interrogative sentence that begins with a wh word – How, What, When, Where, Why, Which, Who, Whose, Whom

Example: 

Where are you going for your vacation?

When is the first lecture?

What time is the train?

  • Yes – No questions: It is an Interrogative where the answer is expected in a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’. They begin with helping verbs.

Example: 

Do you like cooking?

Are you leaving to play the piono?

Will you give this money to charity?

(For a complete lesson click on the link below.)

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