1. (A) Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.
(1) The National Archives of India is situated at……….
(a) Pune (b) New Delhi (c) Kolkata (d) Hyderabad
Answer: New Delhi
(2) The …………… is included among the Audio-Visual media.
(a) Newspaper (b) Television (c) All India Radio (d) Periodicals
(3) ………. is not included in physical sources.
(a) Coins (b) Ornaments (c) Buildings (d) Proverbs
(B) Identify the wrong pair and rewrite the corrected one.
Person – Specialty
Jal Cooper – Philatelist
Kusumagraj – Poet Anna
Bhau Sathe – A people’s bard
Amar Shaikh – Art collector
Answer: The Wrong pair is: Amar Shaikh – Art collector
2. Write short notes.
(1) Written Sources
(i) The following sources are included in the written sources- Newspapers, Periodicals, Diaries, Reference books, Correspondence, Document in the Archives, Government Gazettes, Postage Stamps, and Encyclopedias.
(ii) Newsletters of various movements, the dailies or weeklies of political parties, monthly and annual magazines are important among the print media.
(iii) Through newspapers, we can get information about national and international affairs, politics, art, sports, literature and social and cultural affairs.
(2) Press Trust of India
(i) After 1953, the Press Trust of India has been an important source of primary details of all important events and of articles on important subjects.
(ii) Press Trust of India has provided reports, photographs and articles on financial and scientific issues to newspapers.
(iii) PTI has now started its online service.
(iv) During the 1990s, PTI started using the ‘satellite broadcast’ technology instead of tele-printers to send news all over the country. (v) This material is important for writing the history of modern India.
3. Give Reasons.
(1) The postal department tries to preserve the heritage and integrity of Indian culture through postage stamps.
(i) There have been several changes in postage stamps since India became independent.
(ii) Postage stamps reveal a lot to us about changing times due to the variety in the sizes of the stamps, the novelty in their subjects and colour schemes.
(iii) The Postal Department issues postage stamps on a wide variety of themes like political leaders, flowers, animals, birds, an event, or the silver, golden, diamond jubilees or centenary, bicentenary, tercentenary of different events.
(iv) In this way the postal department tries to preserve the heritage and integrity of Indian culture through postage stamps.
(2) Audio-visual media are an important source for writing the history of modern India.
(i) An institute called Indian News Review has produced various newsreels on important events in politics, social issues, art, sports and culture.
(ii) This Department has also produced various documentaries on prominent social leaders, on people who have made major contributions for the country and about important locations in India. (iii) These news releases and documentaries are useful for studying the history of modern India.
(1) Create a handwritten account or a documentary about your school.
(2) Watch the different documentaries available on the official website of the Archeological Survey of India, an organisation under the Government of India.
(3) Which sources would you use to write the history of your village/ town? Write the history of your village /town using those sources.
2. India : Events after 1960
3. India’s Internal Challenges
4. Economic Development
6. Empowerment of Women and other Weaker Sections
7. Science and Technology
8. Industry and Trade
9. Changing Life : 1
10. Changing Life : 2
1. Post World War Political Developments
2. India’s Foreign Policy
3. India’s Defence System
4. The United Nations
5. India and Other Countries
6. International Problems