Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 9 Last Phase of Struggle for Independence
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 9 Last Phase of Struggle for Independence Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers
Maharashtra State Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 9 Last Phase of Struggle for Independence
Class 8 History Chapter 9 Last Phase of Struggle for Independence Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options (Andaman and Nicobar, August Kranti, Vinoba Bhave)
(1) ………….. was the first stayagrahi of Individual satyagraha.
Answer: Vinoba Bhave
(2) The nation wide movement of 1942 is also called ………….. .
Answer: August Kranti
(3) In November 1943, Japan conquered ………….. islands and handed them over to Azad Hind Government.
Answer: Andaman and Nicobar
2. Explain the following statements with reasons.
(1) In November 1939, provincial ministers of Indian National Congress gave their resignations.
(i) The then Viceroy Lord Linlithgo declared that India has joined the Second World War on the side of the British.
(ii) England claimed that it is fighting to save Democracy in Europe. (iii) The Indian National Congress demanded that if the claim was true then England should immediately grant freedom to India.
(iv) England refused to fulfill this demand and therefore the provincial ministers of Indian National Congress resigned in November 1939.
(2) The Indian National Army had to lay down their arms.
(i) In 1944, Indian National Army captured the Aarakan province in Myanmar.
(ii) Posts on the eastern border of Assam were captured.
(iii) The campaign of Imphal remained incomplete because Japan stopped helping the Indian National Army.
(iv) But in the same period, Japan accepted defeat.
(v) On 18 August 1945 Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane accident.
(vi) On this background the soldiers of Indian National Army had to lay down their arms.
(3) The Parallel Government became a source of inspiration to the people.
(i) Parallel Government where formed in districts of Midnapore in Bengal, Ballia and Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh and Purnia in Bihar.
(ii) Collection of taxes, maintenance of law and order, punishment to criminals, such work was done by the Parallel Government. (iii) People started accepting the verdict passed by the People’s Court appointed by the Parallel Government.
(iv) Opposition to money lenders, prohibition on liquor, spread of literacy, opposition to caste distinctions many such constructive work was done by this government.
(v) Due to it the Parallel Government became a source of inspiration for the public.
3. Complete the following table.
|Forward Bloc||Subhash Chandra Bose|
|Indian Independence League||Rash Behari Bose|
|Toofan Sena||Krantiagrani G.D. alias Bapu Lad|
4. Answer the following questions in brief.
(1) How do you find the contribution of Shirishkumar to be inspirational?
Answer: Though Shirishkumar was just a school going student, he had leadership qualities. He carried out procession holding the tri colour flag. The slogan of ‘Vande Mataram’ was given. He laid down his life for the freedom of our country.
(2) Why did the British Prime Minister send Sir Stafford Cripps to India?
(i) During the second world war, England supported America against Japan.
(ii) The Japanese army reached the eastern borders of India.
(iii) The British realised that if Japan attacks India, then they will need co-operation from the Indians.
(iv) Hence the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sent Sir Stafford Cripps to India.
(3) What kind of reaction was seen during the spread of news of arrest of main leaders of the Indian National Congress?
(i) The news of arrest of important leaders of Indian National Congress spread out all over the country.
(ii) The angry mob took out processions at various places.
(iii) Even though police lathi charged and opened firing on the public but still people were not afraid.
(iv) The agitators attacked some places jails, police stations, railway stations etc. which symbolised the suppressive policy of the British. (v) They tried to take control of Government offices.
(vi) In Maharashtra, the young and old struggled with determination and boundless courage at places like Chimur, Ashti, Yavali, Mahad, Gargoti etc. and made the struggle immortal.
(1) Prepare a timeline of the events of the struggle of Indian National Army.
1942 – INA formed in South East Asia during World War 2. Founded by Rasbehari Bose with Captain Mohan Singh.
December 1942 – Collapse of INA
1943 – Revival of INA under Subhash Chandra Bose
February 1944 – Battle of the Admix Box in the southern parts of Burma
March 1944 – Operation C held by Japan
June 1944 – Battle of Kohima
July 1944 – Battle of Imphal
1945 – Battle of Pokoku and Battle of Meiktila and Mandalay
November 1945 – repatriation of troops
November 1945 – May 1946 – Trials of troops
POST-1947 – Commanded by Jawaharlal Nehru
(2) With the help of internet collect the pictures of Quit India Movement of 1942 and organise an exhibition on occasion of a national day.