Maharashtra Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 5 Social and Religious Reforms
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 5 Social and Religious Reforms Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 5 Social and Religious Reforms
Class 8 History Chapter 5 Social and Religious Reforms Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Rewrite the statements by choosing the appropriate options:
(Sir Sayyad Ahmad Khan, Maharshi Dhondo Karve, Abdul Latif, Swami Vivekananda, Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde)
(1) ………….. established the Ramkrishna Mission.
Answer: Swami Vivekananda
(2) The Anglo-Mohammedan Oriental College was established
Answer: Sir Sayyad Ahmad Khan
(3) The Depressed Classes Mission was founded by ……………. .
Answer: Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde
2. Complete the following table:
|Name of social reformer||Organisation||Newspaper / Book||Work of the organisation|
|Raja Rammohan Roy||Bramo Samaj||Samvad Kaumudi||(i) Monotheism, caste and class equality, protest against rituals and following the way of prayers. (ii) He opposed Sati practice, child marriage, Purdah system. (iii) He promoted widow remarriage and female education.|
|Swami Dayanand Saraswati||Arya Samaj||Satyarth Prakash||(i) Ancient vedic religion is true religion which has no place for casteism. (ii) He asserted that there should be gender equality. (iii) ‘Go Back to the Vedas’ was the slogan of Arya Samaj.|
|Mahatma Phule||Satyashodhak Samaj||Gulamgiri||(i) Worked on the principle of formation of society on basis of equality. (ii) They protested against untouchability. (iii) They advocated education among the depressed classes and women.|
3. Explain the following statements with reasons.
(1) The Social and religious reform movement began in India.
(i) With spread of English education, there was spread of new thoughts, new ideas, new philosophy.
(ii) The modern educated Indians became aware that the backwardness of India was due to superstitions, casteism, old customs, class system and lack of critical outlook.
(iii) To create a new society based on the principles of Humanity, Equality, and Fraternity, the educated thinkers started social and religious reform movement in India.
(2) Mahatma Phule conducted a strike of barbers.
Answer: Mahatma Phule conducted a strike of barbers against the custom of shaving the heads of the widows.
4. Write Short notes.
(1) Ramkrishna Mission
(i) Ramkrishna Mission was established by Swami Vivekananda, a close disciple of Ramkrishna Paramhansa, in 1897.
(ii) Ramkrishna Mission worked for service to the society.
(iii) The mission worked for providing help to the famine striken people, patients, medical help to the poor, female education and spiritual growth.
(2) Reforms for women by Savitribai Phule
(i) In 1848, Mahatma Phule started the first school for girls at Bhide Wada in Pune.
(ii) His wife Savitribai Phule supported him.
(iii) Savitribai Phule had to face great criticism from the Society but she continued to work in education.
Project: (1) Organise an essay competetion on the topic ‘Education of women’. (2) Collect the photographs of social reformers.