Maharashtra Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 7 The Administration of the Swaraj
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 7 The Administration of the Swaraj Notes,
Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 7 The Administration of the Swaraj
Class 7 History Chapter 7 The Administration of the Swaraj Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Can you tell?
(1) A Council with eight departments –
Answer: Ashtapradhan Mandal
(2) Bahirj Naik was the Head of this department –
Answer: Intelligence Department
(3) The sea fort built by Maharaj near Malvan –
(4) He looked after the war materials on the fort –
Answer: The Kharkanis
2. Write about it in your own words.
(1) Shivaji Maharaj’s policy regarding agriculture
Answer: Agriculture was the main occupation in villages. Maharaj knew the importance of agriculture. That was why he paid attention to the welfare of farmers. He entrusted the responsibility of organizing the land revenue system to his capable and experienced office bearer Annaji Datto. He warned the officers that they should not collect more revenue than the amount that was fixed. He encouraged peasants to bring uncultivated land under cultivation. If the crop was lost due to excessive rains or drought, or if an enemy army had devasted the area of the village, remissions were granted in land revenue and other taxes. Maharaj had instructed his officers to provide peasants with bullocks, ploughs and good seeds for sowing.
(2) Shivaji Maharaj – a ruler concerned about the welfare of his subjects.
Answer: His main objective was to make his subjects independent. He was aware that if his subjects were to really get the joy of freedom, it was necessary to have a disciplined administration, take comprehensive care of people’s welfare and protect the conquered territories. Maharaj was not merely a ruler, he was a watchful administrator who cared for his people’s welfare. This is clearly seen in his administration of the State.
3. Give reasons.
(1) Shivaji Maharaj established the Council of Eight Ministers.
Answer: At the time of his coronation, Shivaji Maharaj appointed a council of eight ministers. The administration was divided into eight departments. A Head was appointed for each department. These eight Heads of department constituted the Ashtapradhan Mandal. Maharaj alone had the power to appoint a minister or to remove him from his position. The ministers were answerable to Maharaj for the administration of their respective departments. Shivaji Maharaj selected the Council on the basis of their merit and achievements. He did not give them jagirs, vatans or gifts or fiefs. They were paid handsome salaries instead.
(2) Shivaji Maharaj raised a navy.
Answer: Enemies on the west coast of India, the Portuguese of Goa, the Siddi of Janjira and the British factors of Surat and Rajapur, created obstacles in the work of expanding the Swaraj. It was necessary to curb their activities and to protect the west coast. For this purpose, Maharaj raised a navy. He realised that the one who has a navy, controls the sea Maharaj had great foresight.
4. Complete the chart.
(1) Interview a person in your neighbourhood who has served in the armed forces.
(2) Visit a market in your town. List the items prepared/grown in the neighbourhood and those that come from outside.