Maharashtra Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 6 Conflict with the Mughals
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 6 Conflict with the Mughals Notes,
Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 6 Conflict with the Mughals
Class 7 History Chapter 6 Conflict with the Mughals Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Arrange in chornological order.
(1) Southern campaign of Shivaji Maharaj
(2) Raid on Lal Mahal
(3) Escape from Agra
(5) Treaty of Purandar
(6) Shaistakhan’s invasion
(1) Shaistakhan’s invasion
(2) Raid on Lal Mahal
(3) Treaty of Purandar
(4) Escape from Agra
(6) Southern campaign of Shivaji Maharaj
2. Find the names from the chapter.
(1) A dictionary containing Sanskrit words –
(2) He won Trimbakgad –
Answer: Moropant Pingale
(3) This Sardar was defeated at Vani – Dindori –
(4) A place where the British Dutch and French had their factories –
3. Write about these in your own words.
(1) The Coronation of Shivaji Maharaj
(i) On 6 June 1674, Shivaji Maharaj had himself coronated at Raigad by Gagabhatt, a learned Pandit.
(ii) On the occasion of the coronation, special coins were minted – a gold coin called Hon and a copper coin called Shivrai with the legend ‘Shri Raja Shivachhatrapati’ inscribed on them.
(iii) Thereafter, all royal correspondence (Rajpatra) carried the words, ‘Kshatriyakulaavantansa Shri Raja Shivachhatrapati’.
(iv) The coronation of Shivaji Maharaj was a revolutionary event in the history of Medieval India.
(v) Shortly after this, on 24 September 1674 Shivaji Maharaj had his second coronation performed under the guidance of Nischalpuri Gosavi.
(2) Escape from Agra
(i) When Shivaji Maharaj reached Agra, Aurangzeb did not treat him with due honour at his court.
(ii) Maharaj gave vent to his rage.
(iii) The Emperor then put him under house arrest.
(iv) Undeterred by this action of the Emperor, Maharaj devised a plan of escaping from this house arrest.
(v) He adroitly escaped from Agra and reached Maharashtra safely after a few days.
(vi) He reached Rajgad. While returning from Agra, he had left Sambhaji Raje at Mathura. Later, Prince Sambhaji was brought safely to Rajgad.
(3) Shivaji Maharaj’s campaign of the South
(i) Three years after the coronation, in October 1677, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj undertook a campaign of the South.
(ii) He went to Golconda. There he called on the Qutubshah.
(iii) He entered into a treaty of friendship with him.
(iv) Later, Maharaj won Bengaluru, Hoskote in Karnataka, Jinji Vellore, etc. forts in today’s Tamil Nadu and some other territories of Adilshah.
(v) He appointed Raghunath Narayan Hanamante the chief administrator to look after these conquered territories.
(vi) Vyankoji, the half-brother of Shivaji Maharaj, was then ruling at Tanjavur.
(vii) Shivaji Maharaj tried to get him to participate in the activities of the Swaraj.
(viii) In this campaign of the South, Maharaj had annexed the fort of Jinji in Tamil Nadu to his Swaraj. This proved to be of great importance in later years.
(4) Shivaji Maharaj’s preparation for the coronation
(i) The founding of the Maratha Swaraj involved a relentless struggle for over thirty years.
(ii) Maharaj realised that now it was necessary for the Swaraj to win general recognition as a sovereign independent State.
(iii) For this, a formal coronation was necessary.
An extremely valuable and grand throne was made for the coronation of Shivaji Maharaj.
(iv) There were eight bejewelled pillars on eight sides of the throne. This throne made of thirty-two ‘mann’ of gold had been studded with precious jewels.
(v) On 6 June 1674, he had himself coronated at Raigad by Gagabhatt, a learned Pandit.
(vi) On the occasion of the coronation, special coins were minted – a gold coin called Hon and a copper coin called Shivrai with the legend ‘Shri Raja Shivachhatrapati’ inscribed on them.
(vii) On 24 September 1674 Shivaji Maharaj had his second coronation performed under the guidance of Nischalpuri Gosavi.
4. Give reasons.
(1) Shivaji Maharaj entered into the Treaty of Purandar.
(i) When the Mughals put the fort of Purandar under siege, Murarbaji Deshpande fought with the greatest of courage.
(ii) He died a hero’s death. Considering the seriousness of the situation, Maharaj began talks for a treaty with Jaisingh.
(iii) He met Jaisingh personally.
(iv) A Treaty of Purandar between Jaisingh and Maharaj was signed in June 1665.
(2) Shivaji Maharaj took an aggressive stand against the Mughals.
(i) In accordance with the terms of the Treaty of Purandar, Maharaj gave to the Mughals, twenty-three of his forts and the adjoining territories yielding an annual revenue of four lakh hons.
(ii) He wanted to recapture the forts and territories given to the Mughals as per the Purandar treaty.
(iii) Therefore, Shivaji Maharaj took an aggressive stand against the Mughals.
(1) How do you prepare for the special programmes on Independence Day/ Republic Day? Make a list with help of your teacher.
(2) Visit a historical place in your neighbourhood and write a report on your visit.