Maharashtra Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 3 Religious Synthesis
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 3 Religious Synthesis Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 3 Religious Synthesis
Class 7 History Chapter 3 Religious Synthesis Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Write the related word:
(1) Shri Basaveshwar : Karnataka
Meerabai : Mewad
Ramananda : North India
Chaitanya Maha Prabhu : Bengal
Shri Chakradhar : Mahanubhav Panth
Shankaradeva : Bhakti Movement
2. Make a chart to show the people and works related to
|(1)||Bhakti Movement||(a)||Ramanuja and other Acharyas||(a)||Strengthened the base of Bhakti movement in South India.|
|(b)||Sant Ramanand||(b)||Strengthened Bhakti movement in North India.|
|(c)||Sant Kabir||(c)||He did not believe in rituals. For him truth|
|was God. Preached equality and wanted to bring about Hindu and Muslim unity. He criticised orthodox people in strong terms.|
|(d)||Chaitanya Mahaprabhu||(d)||Underlined the importance of Krishnabhakti. Due to his teachings people joined the Bhakti movement transcending the boundaries of caste and creed.|
|(e)||Shankaradeva||(e)||Spread Bhakti movement in Assam.|
|(f)||Narsi Mehta||(f)||Vajshnawa Sant from Gujarat, he gave the message of equality.|
|(g)||Sant Mirabai||(g)||Stressed on the importance of devotion to Krishna and gave the message of devotion, tolerance and humanity.|
|(h)||Sant Rohidas||(h)||Gave the message of equality and humanity.|
|(i)||Basaveshwar||(i)||Spread the lingayat stream of thought. He opposed caste system and emphasised on dignity of labour.|
|(j)||Pamp, Purandardasa and others.||(j)||Composed devotional verses in Kannada.|
|(2)||Mahanubhav Panth||(a)||Chakradhar Swami||(a)||
devotion to Krishna|
Preached in Marathi leading to the development of the Marathi language.
The founder of Sikhism and the first Guru of Sikhs. He attempted to bring
about religious synthesis and aimed to achieve Hindu-Muslim unity.|
(2) Emphasized on equality and chaste behaviour.
(3) Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
3. Write about it in your own words.
(1) Sant Kabir became a renowned sant in the Bhakti movement.
Sant Kabir did not attach any importance to places of pilgrimage, vratas or idol worship. For him, Truth was God. He taught that all human beings are equal. He did not believe in any differences based on caste, creed, sect and religion. He wanted to bring about Hindu and Muslim unity. He criticized the extremely orthodox people in both Hindu and Muslim religions in strong terms
(2) The impact of Sant Basaveshwar’s work on society.
In Karnataka, Mahatma Basaveshwar spread the lingayat stream of thought. He opposed the caste system and stressed the dignity of labour. ‘Kayakave Kailas’ is his well-known saying which means ‘Work is Kailas’ (Work is worship). He encouraged women’s participation in his movement. Men and women belonging to all castes began to participate in the religious discussions conducted in the hall ‘Anubhava Mantapa’. Mahatma Basaveshwar conveyed his teachings in the language of the people, i.e., Kannada, through the medium of ‘Vachana’ literature. His work had a great impact on society. His followers have composed their work in Marathi also.
4. Complete the following names.
G _ _ _ G _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Answer: Guru Gobind Singh
S _ _ _ _ S _
G _ _ _ N _ _ _ _
Answer: Guru Nanak
M _ _ m _ _ _ _ _ _ m _
Answer: Manmath Swami
M _ _ _ _ _ _ _ i
R _ _ _ n _ n _
K _ _ i _
P _ _ p
Obtain a devotional song in the tradition of Sufi music and present it in a cultural programme.