Maharashtra Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 2 India before the Times of Shivaji Maharaj
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 2 India before the Times of Shivaji Maharaj Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 7 History Solutions Chapter 2 India before the Times of Shivaji Maharaj
Class 7 History Chapter 2 India before the Times of Shivaji Maharaj Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Name the following:
(1) The Queen of Gondvana –
Answer: Rani Durgavati
(2) The son of Udaysingh –
Answer: Maharana Pratap
(3) The founder of Mughal dynasty –
(4) The first Sultan of the Bahamani kingdom–
Answer: Hasan Gangu
(5) The fighting force established by Guru Gobindsingh –
Answer: Khalsa Dal
2. Find the odd one out:
(1) Sultan Mahmud, Qutubuddin Aibak, Muhammad Ghuri, Babur
Answer: Sultan Mahmud
(2) Adilshahi, Nizamshahi, Sultanate,Baridshahi
(3) Akbar, Humayun, Shershah, Aurangzeb
3. Answer briefly:
(1) How did the kingdoms of Vijaynagar and Bahamani emerge?
(i) During the reign of Sultan
Muhammad Tughlaq of Delhi, there were many revolts in the South against the
central power of Delhi.
(ii) From these revolts arose the formidable Vijaynagar and Bahamani kingdoms.
(2) What reforms did Mahmud Gawan make?
(i) Mahmud Gawan strengthened
the Bahamani kingdom.
(ii) He started paying the soldiers their salary in cash instead of through land grants.
(iii) He brought discipline in the army.
(iv) He introduced many reforms in the land revenue system.
(v) He opened a Madarsa at Bidar for Arabic and Persian studies.
(3) Why did it become impossible for the Mughals to strengthen their base in Assam?
(i) While Aurangzeb ruled, the Ahoms had a prolonged struggle with the Mughals.
(ii) The Mughals attacked the Ahoms’ region.
(iii) The Ahoms united under the leadership of Gadadharsinha. Commander Lachit Borphukan gave an intense battle against the Mughals.
(iv) The Ahoms used the guerilla technique in the conflict against the Mughals.
(v) It became impossible for Mughals to create a strong base in Assam.
4. Write about them briefly in your own words.
(i) Krishnadevaraya, ascended the throne of Vijaynagar in 1509 CE.
(ii) He conquered Vijaywada,
Rajmahendri and annexed the regions to his kingdom.
(iii) He successfully took on the armies of the Sultans who had united under the leadership of the Bahamani Sultan Mahmud Shah.
(iv) During his reign the Vijaynagar kingdom extended from Cuttak in the east up to Goa in the west and from the Raichur Doab in the north up to the Indian Ocean in the south.
(v) Krishnadevraya was a scholar. He wrote ‘Amuktamalyada’, a Telugu compendium on polity.
He built the Hazar Ram temple and Vitthal temple in Vijaynagar.
(viii) The decline of the Vijaynagar kingdom began with the death of Krishnadevaraya in the year 1530 CE.
(i) The Mughals attacked Ahmadnagar, the capital of Nizamshah’s kingdom, in 1595 ce. (ii) The Mughal army put the fort of Ahmadnagar under siege.
(iii) Chandbibi, the capable daughter of Husain Nizamshah of Ahmadnagar, bravely defended the fort.
(iv) At this time, there was an internal strife among the factions of the Sardars in Nizamshahi’s kingdom.
(v) This resulted in the murder of Chandbibi.
(3) Rani Durgavati
(i) Durgavati, born in the dynasty Chandel Rajput became the queen of Gondvana when she was married.
(ii) She was an excellent administrator.
(iii) The struggle of Gondvana queen Durgavati against the Mughals is important in medieval history.
(iv) After her husband’s death, Durgavati laid down her life while fighting against Akbar, but she did not surrender.
5. Give reasons:
(1) The Bahamani Kingdom disintegrated into five fragments.
Answer: After the death of Mahmud Gawan, factionism increased among the Bahamani Sardars. The conflict with the Vijaynagar kingdom had an adverse effect on the Bahamani kingdom. The provincial Governors began to act more independently. This led to the disintegration of the Bahamani kingdom into five small powers.
(2) Rana Sanga’s army was defeated.
After the battle of Panipat, Rana Sanga of Mewad brought all Rajput kings together. There was a battle between Babur and Rana Sanga at Khanua. Babur’s artillery and reserved force played a key role in this battle and Rana Sanga’s army was defeated.
(3) Rana Pratap has become immortal in history.
After the death of Udaysingh, Maharana Pratap ascended the throne of Mewad. He continued the struggle for Mewad’s existence. Till the very end, he struggled with Akbar to maintain his indepedence. He has become immortal in history due to his qualities of valour, courage, self-respect, sacrifice, etc.
(4) Aurangzeb imprisoned Guru Tegh Bahadur.
The ninth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Teghbahaddar, protested strongly against Aurangzeb’s policy of religious intolerance. Aurangzeb imprisoned him and beheaded him in 1675 ce.
(5) The Rajputs fought against the Mughals.
Akbar had secured the cooperation of the Rajputs with his policy of amicable relations. Aurangzeb could not obtain the cooperation of Rajputs. After the death of Rana Jaswantsingh of Marwad, Aurangzeb annexed his kingdom to the Mughal empire. Durgadas Rathod crowned Jaswantsingh’s minor son Ajitsingh as the King of Marwad. Durgadas Rathod fought hard against the Mughals.
6. Complete the timeline.
7. Using the internet, find out more about any one of the personalities you have studied here, and fill in the box below.
Obtain more information about the personalities mentioned in this chapter. Use reference books, the internet, newspapers, etc. Prepare a collage of the pictures information in your activity book and display it in the history cell.