Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Features of the Constitution Answers

Maharashtra Board Class 7 Civics Solutions Chapter 3 Features of the Constitution

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 7 Civics Solutions Chapter 3 Features of the Constitution Notes

Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers

Maharashtra Board Class 7 Civics Solutions Chapter 3 Features of the Constitution

Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 Features of the Constitution Textbook Questions and Answers


1. Prepare a table to show the separation of powers in a Federal Government.


Union List State List Concurrent List
Defence, foreign relations, war and peace, currency, international trade, etc. Agriculture, law and order, local government, health, prison administration etc. Employment, environment economic and social planning, personal law, education, etc.

2. Find one word for.

(1) Machinery for the governance of the entire country –

Union Government

(2) Machinery for conducting elections-

Election Commission.

(3) The third list of subjects for making laws –

The Concurrent List

3. Answer the following questions.

(1) Why does the Government function at two levels in a federation?


(i) One of the important features of our Constitution is the federal system.

(ii) In countries with large territories and huge populations, government is run by a federal system.

(iii) Ruling a large territory from a single capital city is not only difficult, but may also lead to the neglect of some far-flung areas. (iv) People residing there cannot participate in the affairs of the Government.

Therefore, Governments function at two levels in a federation.

(2) What do you understand by Residuary Powers?

Answer: Our Constitution has given three lists of various subjects. (i) The first list is called Union List. It contains 97 subjects on which the Union Government makes laws.

(ii) The State List is for the State Governments to legislate upon. It contains 66 subjects.

(iii) Apart from these two lists, there is a Concurrent List, which contains 47 subjects.

(iv) Both Governments can make laws on subjects included in this list.

(v) If a subject comes up that is not included in any of the lists, the Union Government is entitled to make laws on it.

These powers are termed as Residuary Powers.

(3) Why has the Constitution created an independent Judiciary for India?

Answer: The Indian Constitution has created an independent Judiciary. The disputes that cannot be resolved mutually are referred to the Judiciary. The Court hears both the contesting parties, looks into the injustice if any, and gives its judgement. This has to be done impartially.

4. Hold a group discussion on the merits and demerits of an independent judicial system.


The merits of an independent judicial system are:

(i) Judges are appointed by the President and not by the Government.

(ii) It enables the court to give impartial judgement.

(iii) Every Indian citizen has the right to approach the courts if they feel that their rights have been violated.

The demerits of an independent judicial system are:

(i) It is not easy to remove the Judges from their office. This could be misused by them.

(ii) The judiciary is not answerable to anyone.

5. Find out about the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) and discuss the advantages of conducting elections with the EVM.

Answer: Electronic Voting is the standard means of conducting elections using Electronic Voting Machines, sometimes called EVMs in India

The advantages of conducting elections with the EVM are:

(i) It is cost effective

(ii) Counting of votes is faster

(iii) illiterate people find EVMs easier than ballot paper system.

(iv) Bogus voting is greatly reduced as the vote is recorded only once.

(v) The unit can store the result in its memory before it is erased manually.

(v) The battery is required only to activate the EVMs at the time of polling and counting


Establish an Election Commission in your class, decide upon the positions you would like to fill through elections. Then conduct elections under the guidance of this Commission.