Class 6 Lesson 4 Disaster Management answers
Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 4 Disaster Management
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 4 Disaster Management Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 4 Disaster Management
Class 6 Science Chapter 4 Disaster Management Textbook Questions and Answers.
1. What are the emergency contact numbers of the following ?
(a) Police Control Room
(b) Fire brigade
(d) National level single emergency number for disaster relief.
(a) Police Control Room – dial 100
(b) Fire brigade – dial 101
(c) Ambulance – dial 102
(d) National level single emergency number for disaster relief – 108
2. What first aid will you provide in the following situations ?
(a) Dog bite (b) Scratches/ bleeding (c) Burns/scalds (d) Snakebite (e) Sunstroke
(a) Dog bite – Remedial measures:
- Wash the wound with a solution of potassium permanganate or other antiseptic.
- Cover the wound with a clean and dry cloth.
- Get a doctor’s help and an injection of the anti rabies vaccine.
(b) Scratches/ bleeding – Remedial measures:
- If a person is bleeding, first make him sit or lie down comfortably.
- Keep the bleeding part of the body above the level of the heart and clean it with water.
(c) Burns/scalds – Remedial measures:
- The injured part should be washed with water or held under water.
- Give the victim water to drink.
- Clean the wounds using a cotton swab soaked in an antiseptic solution.
- Do not apply oily ointments.
- Cover wounds using dry dressings.
- Give emotional support.
- Cover the wounds with sterilised cloth.
- Remove jewellery, shoes, etc. if easily possible.
- Do not touch or burst the blisters on the skin.
- Do not apply oily ointments.
- Do not try to remove the cloth if it is stuck to the burnt skin.
- If the patient is conscious, give water to drink but avoid tea or coffee or other stimulating drinks.
- Get medical aid at once.
(d) Snakebite – Remedial measures
- Wash the wound with water
- Give emotional support to the patient.
- Tie a cloth tightly above the wound.
- Get immediate medical help.
(e) Sunstroke – Remedial measures
- Take the patient to a cool place or in the shade.
- Sponge the whole body with cold water.
- Place a cloth soaked in cold water on the neck.
- Give plenty of water or liquids like sherbets to drink.
- If the patient feels like vomiting make him lie prone, i.e., on his/her abdomen with the head turned to one side.
- Get medical help or shift the patient to a hospital.
3. Write the causes of the following :
(a) Floods (b) Forest fires (c) Land slides/building collapse (d) Storms (e) Earthquakes
Due to excessive rains in the same place, a river overflows its banks causing a flood. The water drainage system in big cities falls short when there is heavy rainfall, resulting in choking of gutters and drainage lines. Water overflows on to the roads and surrounding areas and even enters nearby houses.
(b) Forest fires:
A forest fire is an uncontrolled fire in a forest, pasture or grassland due to natural or man-made causes. Forest fires spread at a tremendous speed.
(c) Land slides/building collapse:
Landslides and building collapse can be causes due to natural or man-made occurrences. Natural causes such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and weathering and man-made causes such as mining, construction of dams and using poor quality building material can lead to landslides and building collapse.
The formation of high and low air pressure belts in the atmosphere causes changes in weather resulting in strong winds or storms.
Movements in the interior of the earth release tremendous amounts of energy. This causes seismic waves leading to movements of the earth’s surface like tremors, shaking, cracking up, etc. Such vibrations or quaking in the earth’s crust is known as an earthquake. It is believed that besides other causes, man-made causes like mining and construction of big dams can also lead to earthquakes.
4. Answer the following questions.
(a) What is meant by ‘disasters’?
Answer: A sudden event that causes large scale damage to life, property and social aspects of a nation or society is called a distaster.
(b) What are the types of disasters?
Answer: Disasters are of two types – man-made and natural
(c) What is meant by ‘disaster management’?
Answer: Taking steps to prevent disasters, making plans to face disasters and developing the capacity for that, is called disaster management.
(d) Which are the main components of disaster management?
Answer: To prevent or reduce damage caused by natural or man-made disasters, emergency planning and management is required. Community participation is also a component of disaster management.
5. Find out about the work of a ‘Sarpa-mitra’.
Answer: Sarpamitra or friend of snakes, are people who are trained to protect and take care of snakes. They also educate the people about snakes and snake bites, what precautions and first-aid should be given in case of snake bite and how to classify the snakes into poisonous and non-poisonous.
6. Find out what a first aid kit/box contains.
Answer: A First-aid box contains the following items:
cotton roll, sterilized dressing for wounds, a pair of scissors, some safety pins antiseptic solution, antiseptic soap, adhesive plaster, painkiller tablets, paracetamol tincture iodine, electrolyte powder, ear/eye drops, Potassium Permanganate crystals, ointment for burns.
7. Suggest remedial measures for dealing with natural or man-made disasters.
|Fire||Call fire brigade, use fire extinguisher||Earthquake||Give help to clear debris, call ambulance to send victims to hospitals|
|Building collapse||Give help to clear debris, call ambulance to send victims to hospitals||Deluge||Donate food and clothing for flood victims, stay at some height if possible|
|Road accident||Call ambulance, give immediate first-aid and emotional support||Storm||Provide shelter and help in clearing the debris|
|Flood||Donate food and clothing for flood victims, stay at some height if possible||Tsunami||Move to a safer place, donate food and clothing for victims|
|War||Give shelter to innocent victims, provide food and clothing and first-aid to the victims||Drought||Donate food and water for victims, provide shelter and monetary help|
|Bomb explosion||Call ambulance, take the victims to a safer place and provide basic first-aid||Landslide||Help in rehabilitation services|
- Compile information about measures taken for disaster management in your school.
- Make posters, advertisements, banners about disaster management.
- Find out the people/organisations that provide aid during a disaster. Obtain their phone numbers, addresses, etc.