Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 7 Nutrition and Diet
Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 7 Nutrition and Diet Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.
Maharashtra State Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 7 Nutrition and Diet
Class 6 Science Chapter 7 Nutrition and Diet Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Fill in the blanks:
(a) The process of
intake of food and utilizing it for all life processes is called ……………. .
(b) All the
substances in our food which are useful for various body processes are called
and …………. provide …………… to our body.
Answer: fats, energy
(d) In a balanced
diet, all the nutrients are present in the ……………. proportion.
(e) In the food
pyramid, cereals are given the maximum space because they fulfill our ……………
(f) Intake of more food than necessary causes ………….. .
2. Spot the following in the table of vitamins and minerals.
(a) The nutrient present in citrous fruits.
Answer: Vitamin C
(b) Vitamins/minerals present in milk.
Answer: Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus.
(c) Causes and symptoms of night blindness, scurvy, rickets, beriberi.
|1. Night blindness||Deficiency of Vitamin A||Inability to see in dim light|
|2. Scurvy||Deficiency of Vitamin C||Bleeding of gums|
|3. Rickets||Deficiency of Vitamin D||Softening of bones|
|4. Beri-beri||Deficiency of Vitamin B1||Nerve disorder, muscle weakness|
(d) Foods required to prevent the above diseases.
|Diseases||Causes||Symptoms||Food for prevention|
|1. Night blindness||Deficiency of Vitamin A||Inability to see in dim light||Carrots, milk, dark green vegetables.|
|2. Scurvy||Deficiency of Vitamin C||Bleeding of gums||Amla, kiwi, oranges and citrus fruits.|
|3. Rickets||Deficiency of Vitamin D||Softening of bones||Exposure to sunlight, milk, fish, egg, butter.|
|4. Beri-beri||Deficiency of Vitamin B1||Nerve disorder, muscle weakness||Milk, fish, meat, cereals, nuts, pulses|
(e) Causes of anaemia.
Answer: Deficiency of Vitamin B12, iron.
(f ) Essential mineral for healthy bones and teeth.
Answer: Calcium, phosphorus.
(g) Sensory organ affected due to the deficiency of Vitamin A.
Answer: Eyes, skin.
3. Choose the correct alternative.
(a) Pulses are a very good source of ……………. .
(1) carbohydrates (2) proteins
(3) fats (4) minerals
Answer: (2) proteins
(b) …………. provide
maximum energy to our body.
(1) Cereals (2) Leafy Vegetables
(3) Water (4) Amla
Answer: (1) Cereals
(c) Goitre is
caused by the deficiency of ……….. .
(1) iron (2) calcium
(3) iodine (4) potassium
Answer: (3) iodine
(d) ……….. is a type of junk food.
(1) Orange (2) Milk
(3) Bhakri (4) Chocolate
Answer: (4) Chocolate
4. Use the food pyramid to select food items of your choice for three days.
1. The diet for all three days should be balanced.
2. There should be variety in the items chosen for the three days.
Day 1: Idli, chutney, sambhar, mlk, roti, sabzi and dal, banana
Day 2: veg-sandwich, rice/ roti and chicken, curd, apple.
Day 3: Poha/ upma, leafy vegetable and dal with rice or roti, salad, seasonal fruit, dosa/thepla.
Obtain information on simple methods of spotting the adulteration in foodstuffs and try them out.