Class 6 History Chapter 5 Religious Trends in Ancient India Answers

Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solutions Chapter 5 Religious Trends in Ancient India

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 6 History Solutions Chapter 5 Religious Trends in Ancient India Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solutions Chapter 5 Religious Trends in Ancient India

Class 6 History Chapter 5 Religious Trends in Ancient India Textbook Questions and Answers


1. Fill in the blanks:

(1) The principle of ______ is very important in Jainism.
Answer: non-violence

(2) An extraordinary feature of Gautam Buddha’s personality is his ______ for all living beings.
Answer: compassion

2. Answer in short.

(1) What were the teachings of Vardhaman Mahavir?

Answer: Vardhaman Mahavir taught the people that the greatness of man does not depend on his varna, but on his excellent conduct.

(2) Which famous quote of Gautama Buddha have you read here? What values does it uphold?

Answer: One of Gautama Buddha’s famous quotes is that ‘Even the little quail can chirp freely in her nest’. This shows his thinking on the values of freedom and equality. He preached that like men, women, too, had the right to their own upliftment.

(3) What virtues are emphasized in Judaism?

Answer: Judaism emphasizes justice, truth, peace, love, compassion, humility, charity, ethical speech and self-respect.

(4) What are the teachings of Christianity?

Answer: According to the teachings of Christianity, we are all brothers and sisters. We should love everyone including our enemies. We should forgive those who err or go wrong.

(5) What are the teachings of Islam?

Answer: The word Islam means peace. It also means surrender to Allah. The teaching of Islam is that Allah is eternal, absolute, all powerful and merciful. The purpose of human existence is to worship Allah.

(6) What is at the core of Parsee thinking?

Answer: At the core of Parsee thinking are three main principles of conduct, namely, good thoughts, good words and good deeds.

3. Write notes on:

(1) Aryasatyas:

There are four truths at the root of all human affairs. They are called Noble Truths or Aryasatyas.

1. Dukkha (Suffering) : There is suffering in human life.

2. The Cause of Dukkha : There is a cause of suffering.

3. Dukkha-nivaran : It is possible to end suffering.

4. Pratipad : Pratipad means the ‘way’. This way leads to the end of suffering. This is the way of good conduct. It is known as the Ashtangik or Eight-fold Path.

(2) Panchasheel:

Gautama Buddha asked people to follow five rules. The rules are called Panchasheel.

1. Stay away from killing animals.

2. Stay away from stealing.

3. Stay away from unethical conduct.

4. Stay away from telling lies.

5. Stay away from intoxicants.

4. Put the following in the proper place in the chart of the Five Great Vows and the Three Jewels.

  • Ahimsa
  • Samyak Darshan
  • Satya
  • Asteya
  • Samyak Jnan
  • Aparigraha
  • Samyak Charitra
  • Brahmacharya


Five Great Vows Three Jewels
(1) Ahimsa (1) Samyak Darshan
(2) Satya (2) Samyak Jnan
(3) Asteya (3) Samyak Charitra
(4) Aparigraha
(5) Brahmacharya

5. Give reasons:

(1) Why was the name ‘Jina’ given to Vardhaman Mahavir?
Answer: Vardhaman Mahavir was called Jina or Conqueror because the joy derived from physical comforts and the discomfort felt due to undesired things had no impact whatsoever on him.

(2) Why did Gautama Buddha came to be called the Buddha?

Answer: Gautum Buddha had attained knowledge of human life in its entirety. That is why he came to be known as the Buddha.

Activity :

(1) Collect the information about and the pictures of various festivals.

(2) Visit the prayer houses of different religions and describe the precincts in the classroom.