Class 5th Std EVS 2 Chapter 7 From Shelters to Village-settlements Answers

Maharashtra Board Class 5 EVS Solutions Part 2 Chapter 7 From Shelters to Village-settlements

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 5 Environmental Studies Solutions Chapter 7 From Shelters to Village-settlements Notes,

Chapter 7 From Shelters to Village-settlements Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 5 EVS Solutions Part 2 Chapter 7 From Shelters to Village-settlements

5th Std EVS 2 Digest Chapter 7 From Shelters to Village-settlements Tools Textbook Questions and Answers

Exercise

1. Answer the following question in one sentence.

(a) Which animals did the Homo sapiens mainly hunt?
Answer:
The Homo sapiens mainly hunted small animals like the wild bear, deer, mountain goat and sheep.

(b) What is the characteristic of the New Stone Age?
Answer:
The beginning of cultivation is a characteristic of the New Stone Age culture.

2. Give reasons for the following.

(a) The diet of Homo sapiens underwent a change.
Answer:
The climate underwent change and became warmer.
Big animals like mammals were on the way to extinction. Therefore, the diet of the Homo sapiens underwent a change.

(b) Homo sapiens needed to stay in one place over longer periods of time.
Answer:

  1. It was no longer necessary to wander from place to place in search of food.
  2. They moved their camps to different places according to seasonal changes in climate. Thus, the Homo sapiens stayed in one place over a longer period of time.

3. Observe the reconstructed picture of a Middle Stone Age seasonal camp and answer the following.

(a) Describe the structure of the houses in the picture.
Answer:
The roof is inclining and is of thatched grass.

(b) What materials are used to construct the houses?
Answer:
Grass and wood have been used to construct the houses.

(c) What kind of jobs could the people in the seasonal camps have been doing?
Answer:
The people at the seasonal camp were engaged in fishing, agriculture, hunting, and making small boats.

4. Write about the effects on your life, of the seasonal changes in weather.

Answer:
The seasonal changes in weather result in changes in my clothing. I wear warm clothes during winter and light cotton clothes in summer.
The seasonal changes in climate make me sick sometimes and I am forced to take medicines.
I cannot go out and play games with my friends in the rainy season.

5. Compare the New Stone Age village with a modern village.

Answer:

New Stone Age village Modern village
1. New Stone Age village was primitive as it was an early village-settlement. 1. Modern village is much developed as it underwent many changes over a period of time.
2. New Stone Age village was in remote areas and had no contact with the outside world. 2. Modern villages are well-connected with the outside world with the means of transport and communication.
3. Human beings lived in huts. 3. Human beings live in constructed houses.
4. Agriculture, animal husbandry, and fishing were the main activities of the villagers. 4. Besides agriculture, animal husbandry, and fishing, many other activities are undertaken by the villagers with the help of machines.

Activities :

a. Construct models of different types of houses.
b. Visit agricultural farms and collect information of the various agricultural tasks that farmers have to do.
c. Visit five different types of houses in your locality and collect information about the materials used in the construction of those houses.
d. With your teacher’s help, observe the continents shown on a world map or a globe and write short notes about them.