Nouns & Kinds of Nouns
Look around you, everything has a name.
A nouns is a name given to persons, places, animals, things, events, qualities, states, actions, feeling, etc.
To understand nouns better, these names have been grouped into two types:
A) Concrete nouns
B) Abstract nouns
A) Concrete nouns are those nouns that we can perceive with our five senses i.e. we can see, hear, touch, smell or taste them. So, all the things around you are concrete nouns.
Names of persons – boy, aunt, teacher, Sonia, etc.
Names of things – table, computer, book, candle, etc.
Names of animals – tiger, peacock, rat, butterfly, etc.
Name of places – park, hospital, office, temple, etc.
Concrete Nouns can be further grouped into:
(1) Common Noun
(2) Proper Noun
(3) Collective Noun
(4) Material Noun
Proper noun: A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place, animal or thing. It always begins with a capital letter.
For Example: Mumbai, Everest, America, Quran, Rohan, Sonia, etc.
Common noun: A common noun is the name of an ordinary person, place, thing, animal or event, etc.
For example: book, computer, stone, table, house, etc.
Collective noun: A collective noun is the name given to a group of things or persons taken together as a single unit.
For example: band, flock, swarm, fleet
Material Noun: These are the names of things existing in nature which help us to make other objects.
For Example: milk, rice, water, cotton, sugar, iron, brass, gold, mercury, etc.
B) Abstract nouns are those that we cannot perceive with our five senses i.e. we cannot see, hear, touch, smell or taste them. They are the names given to some feeling, action, event, state, quality, art or subject.
Feeling – happiness, fear, loneliness.
Quality – honesty, truth, wisdom.
Action -theft, mischief, behavior.
Art – music, painting, poetry.
Subject – English, Science, History.
State – childhood, sleep, death, youth.
Formation of Abstract nouns:
Abstract nouns are generally formed from-
(a) common nouns
(a) from Common Nouns
|Common Noun||Abstract Noun|
(b) from Adjectives
(c) from Verbs
Exercise 1: Say if the underlined nouns are common, proper, collective , abstract or material.
1. Honesty is the best policy. ______________
2. Solomon was famous king. ______________
3. A committee was appointed. _____________
4. James is a bright student _______________
5. Wisdom is better than riches. ____________
6. I didn’t believe the girl’s story.___________
7. The child drank the milk. _______________
8. Cleanliness is next to godliness. __________
9. My sister is a doctor. _______________
10. My family lives in that house. _____________
11. Iron is very useful metal. _______________
12. A teacher must have patience. ____________
Exercise 1: Say if the underlined nouns are common, proper, collective, abstract or material.
1. Honesty is the best policy. Abstract Noun
2. Solomon was famous king. Proper Noun
3. A committee was appointed. Collective Noun
4. James is a bright student . Common Noun
5. Wisdom is better than riches. Abstract Noun
6. I didn’t believe the girl’s story. Common Noun
7. The child drank the milk. Material Noun
8. Cleanliness is next to godliness. Abstract Noun
9. My sister is a doctor. Common Noun
10. My family lives in that house. Collective Noun
11. Iron is very useful metal. Material Noun
12. A teacher must have patience. Common noun