Class 6 History Chapter 7 India during the Maurya Period Answers

Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solutions Chapter 7 India during the Maurya Period

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 6 History Solutions Chapter 7 India during the Maurya Period Notes,

Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 History Solutions Chapter 7 India during the Maurya Period

Class 6 History Chapter 7 India during the Maurya Period Textbook Questions and Answers


1. Answer in one sentence.

(1) Why did the satraps begin to fight among themselves?

Answer: After Alexander’s death, the satraps began t fight among themselves for power.

(2) Who did Ashoka send to Sri Lanka for the spread of Buddhism?

Answer: Ashoka sent his own son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra to Sri Lanka for the spread of Buddhism.

(3) What were the occupations of the people during the Maurya period?

Answer: During the Maurya period, there were many occupations like agricultural production , carving and engraving on ivory, weaving and dyeing cloth, metal work, black and glazed pottery was also produced.

(4) Which animals’ engravings are found on the pillars erected by Emperor Ashoka?

Answer: There are excellent carvings of animals like the lion, elephant and bull on the pillars.

2. Can you explain?

(1) Satrap

Answer: When Alexander was forced to turn back he, appointed Greek officers to administer the conquered territories. They were called satraps.

(2) Sudarshan

Answer: Emperor Chandragupta Maurya had built a dam called ‘Sudarshan’ near Junagadh Alexander’s silver coin – both sides in Gujarat State.

(3) ‘Devanampiyo Piyadasi’

Answer: Ashoka wanted to spread the values of truth, non-violence, compassion and forgiveness among the common people and therefore, he had pillar edicts and stone inscriptions engraved throughout his kingdom. These writings are in the Brahmi script. In these inscriptions, he is referred to as ‘Devanampiyo Piyadasi’ (Beloved-of the[1]Gods and He who Looks on with Affection).

(4) Ashtapad

Answer: The game of chess was called Ashtapad.

3. Recall and describe :

(1) The extent of Chandragupta Maurya’s empire.


Chandragupta Maurya brought the Nanda rule to an end and established his own rule in Magadha around 325 BCE. He won Avanti and Saurashtra and began to extend the boundaries of his empire.

The defeat of Seleucus Nicator led to the inclusion of the northwest region of Kabul, Kandahar and Herat in the Maurya Empire.

(2) The extent of Ashoka’s empire.

Answer: Ashoka’s empire extended from Afghanistan in the northwest and Nepal in the north to Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in the south, and from Bengal in the east to Saurashtra in the west.

4. Match the following.

Group A Group B
(1) Emperor Alexander (a) Ambassador of Seleucus Nicator
(2) Megasthenes (b) Emperor of Greece
(3) Emperor Ashoka (c) Emperor of Rome
(d) Emperor of Magadha

1 – b
2 – a
3 – d

5. What is your opinion?

(1) Alexandar had to turn back.

Answer: Alexander, the Greek emperor, invaded India’s northwestern frontier in 326 BCE. Crossing the Indus (Sindhu) river, he reached Takshashila. On the way, he met with forceful opposition from the local Indian kings. He defeated them all and successfully reached the Punjab. However, in this invasion, his army had to suffer severe hardships. The soldiers were eager to go back home. They rebelled against Alexander and he was forced to turn back.

(2) Coins of Greek kings were characteristic.

Answer: The Greek kings minted characteristic coins. On one side, the coin had a picture of the king who had minted the coin and on the other side, a picture of a Greek god. The name of the king was also written on the coin.

(3) Emperor Ashoka decided never to wage war again.

Answer: Ashoka was deeply moved by the bloodshed of the Kalinga war. He decided never to wage a war again. He came to believe that truth, non-violence, compassion and forgiveness were the important values.

6. Describe in your own words.

(1) Public welfare works of Emperor Ashoka.

Answer: Emperor Ashoka laid stress on the creation of facilities for the welfare of the people. For example, he made provisions for free medicines and medical treatment for people as well as for animals. He built many roads and planted trees for shade on both sides of the roads. He dug wells and built dharmashalas.

(2) Means of entertainment and sport of the Maurya period.


Different festivals and functions were celebrated in villages and towns. Dance and music concerts were a part of entertainment. Wrestling bouts and chariot races were popular and so were board games and chess.

Activity :

(1) Find out about the public welfare activities carried out by the people’s representatives in your area and write in detail about them.

(2) Read more about the life of Emperor Ashoka and make a presentation based on it in the form of a play.